Research Evidence for QPR Institute Educational Training Programs
Program adopters must often justify their decision to use one program over another by the application of due diligence in exploring the scientific basis that supports the proposed training. Below is a brief summary of major studies that support the QPR Gatekeeper Training for Suicide Prevention program.
QPR meets the requirements for listing in the National Registry of Evidence-based Practices and Policies (NREPP). An optional version of QPR training also includes a developer-approved, abridged module of the best practice registered CALM training program (Counseling on Access to Lethal Means).
For a detailed review of the Quality of Science and Readiness for Dissemination of QPR please visit the following web sites:
NREPP Listing for QPR: http://nrepp.samhsa.gov/ViewIntervention.aspx?id=299
SPRC.ORG listing for CALM: http://www.sprc.org/bpr/section-III/calm-counseling-access-lethal-means
Official QPR training outcomes as determined by independent research reviewers of published studies for National Registry of Evidence-based Practice and Policies found that trained gatekeepers have increased knowledge, confidence and gatekeeper skills per these measures:
- Increased declarative knowledge
- Increased perceived knowledge
- Increased self-efficacy
- Increased diffusion of gatekeeper training information
- Increased gatekeeper skills (ability to engage in active listening, ask clarifying questions, make an appropriate referral)
Source: Cross, W.F., Seaburn, D., Gibbs, D., Schmeelk-Cone, K. et al. (2011); Matthieu, M.M., Cross, W., Batres. A.R., Flora et al. (2008); Wyman, P.A., Brown, C.H. Inman, J., Cross W., et al (2008). (See NREPP web site for full descriptions of support research and citations).
Methods: Three randomized studies conducted in school, outpatient and workplace settings examined the impact of the Question, Persuade, Refer (QPR) training on stratified samples of (1) 340 teachers and parents in a US public school community and (2) 602 community based counseling center staff from the US Department of Veteran Affairs. One study included a 1-year average follow-up assessment and a second study included a 3-month follow-up assessment.
Results: Findings reported an immediate increase in declarative knowledge, perceived knowledge, self-efficacy, diffusion of gatekeeper training information and gatekeeper skills. Results persisted in the 3-month and 1-year follow up with marginal decrements.
The QPR Institute publishes and widely disseminates its print and digital copyrighted training manuals, educational programs, videos, books, assessment tools and protocols, and maintains high standards for fidelity in the delivery of its programs and practices through the use of comprehensive licensing agreements and third party
Finally, we believe the QPR Institute’s programs meet priority status for review, and that our interventions will receive additional priority points for rigor of the experimental designs used to evaluate the gatekeeper training program in particular.
Staff and Faculty, QPR Institute
more....You will need MicroSoft PowerPoint to view these slides.
- Does a Brief Suicide Prevention Gatekeeper Training Program Enhance Observed Skills?
- Is it my job to prevent suicide? Perspectives of Health Care Professionals
- A Comparison of Web-based and Face-to-Face Gatekeeper Training
- Tennessee’s State-Wide Gatekeeper Training: Preliminary Outcomes and Lessons Learned
- Youth Suicide Prevention Project Outcomes - Virginia Department of Health
- QPR Gatekeeper Training Evaluation
- QPR Evaluation Report, University at Buffalo
- Provider Evaluation of QPRT
- Consumer Evaluation of QPRT
- 911 Summary Evaluation
- Gatekeeper Training Results for Different Age Groups
- QPR Gatekeeper Instructor Training Summary
- Developmental History of QPRT
- A Multi-Center Study of the Effectiveness of an 8-hour Suicide Risk Assessment and Risk Management Course (QPRT) in Increasing Knowledge about Suicide
- Satisfaction with Face-to-Face and Self-Study Training Formats for the QPR Certified Instructor Training Program
- Educational Preferences and Outcomes From Suicide Prevention Training in the Veterans Health Administration: One-Year Follow-Up With Healthcare Employees in Upstate New York
- Randomized Trial of Suicide Gatekeeper Training for Social Workers
Generic Gatekeeper Research Reports
While the QPR Institute is not primarily a research organization, we do carefully evaluate all our training programs, interview protocols, print and video materials. Recognizing the lack of quality research in many areas of suicide prevention, where at all possible we follow an evidence-based approach. When we innovate, we do so only with data collection and evaluation systems in place. In the training of professionals, we provide pre-post testing and competency measures to determine training effects on changes in clinical practice. We also provide proven tested evaluation measures and protocols to assess outcomes for those who wish to employ our training programs in their
The QPR Institute has conducted several formal evaluations of our gatekeeper training program and, with Spokane Mental Health, we have researched our clinical interview risk assessment methods, their effectiveness in data collection, and their impact on both suicidal consumers of mental health services and the clinicians who provide those services.
We collaborate with other institutes and university-based research teams and maintain a faculty of active, and well known, university-based researchers to guide and direct our ongoing evaluation methods, as well as to coordinate our research activities with other groups and organizations.
Licensing agreements between the QPR Institute and medical-surgical or psychiatric hospitals, mental health organizations and large healthcare systems using our suicide risk reduction program may include an agreement to share in the data collected by those organizations. This database provides important source material for current and future researchers.
Since it’s inception, the QPR Institute has collaborated with graduate school students and researchers in the evaluation of our work from the following organizations:
- Center of Disease Control and Prevention
- Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
- The Department of Veteran Affairs
- University of Washington Department of Public Health, Seattle, WA (masters thesis on QPR).
- Spokane Mental Health, Spokane WA.
- Department of Research and Program Evaluation, Albuquerque Public Schools, Albuquerque, NM (check)
- The Washington Institute for Mental Illness Research and Training/Washington State University, Spokane, WA
- The Deveruex Foundation, Villanova, PA
- The University of Alabama Department of Public Health, Mobile, AL
- The Washington State Youth Suicide Prevention Program, Seattle, WA
- The University of South Florida, Tampa, FL
- The University of Rochester, Rochester, NY
- Colorado State University
- The University of Buffalo
- The University of North Dakota>Minnesota State University-Moorehead
- Washington University-St. Louis
- Illinois Institute of Technology